Download Analysis of Global Change Assessments: Lessons Learned by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Committee on Analysis of Global Change Assessments

ISBN-10: 0309104858

ISBN-13: 9780309104852

Worldwide swap exams tell selection makers concerning the clinical underpinnings of quite a number environmental matters, corresponding to weather swap, stratospheric ozone depletion, and lack of biodiversity. Dozens of exams were performed thus far via quite a few U.S. and overseas teams, a lot of them influencing public regulations, know-how improvement, and study instructions. This file analyzes strengths and weaknesses of 8 earlier tests to notify destiny efforts. universal components of powerful exams comprise robust management, vast engagement with and affected events, a clear science-policy interface, and good outlined verbal exchange ideas. The document identifies eleven crucial components of potent checks and recommends that destiny checks contain selection aid instruments that utilize details on the neighborhood and native point the place judgements are made.

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Additional info for Analysis of Global Change Assessments: Lessons Learned

Sample text

1) The committee conducted a comparative analysis of past assessments that have stated objectives similar to those of the CCSP. Specifically, the committee examined the strengths and weaknesses of selected past assessments in the following areas: • Establishing clear rationales and appropriate institutional structures; • Designing and scheduling assessment activities; • Involving the scientific community and other relevant experts in the preparation and review of assessment products; • Engaging the potential users of assessment products; • Accurately and effectively communicating scientific knowledge, uncertainty, and confidence limits; • Guiding plans for future global change research activities, including observation, monitoring, and modeling of past and future changes; and • Creating assessment products that are valued by their target audiences.

L. 101-606), which codified the GCRP (see Appendix B). ” The GCRP was originally envisioned as a complete global change research program, covering research on natural climate change, humaninduced climate change, impacts of climate and land-use change on the Earth system, and impacts of human activity on ecosystem health. Much of the research effort that was assembled into the GCRP originated with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s “Mission to Planet Earth” that formulated an interdisciplinary program to study the Earth as a total system in the early 1980s (CRS 1990).

The most prominent examples of process assessments are the Montreal Protocol Scientific Assessment Panels (WMO 1990a,b, 1992, 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007) and the IPCC WG I (IPCC 1990a, 1995a, 2001a). To date, process assessments have generally focused on Earth system and ecological processes. Most participants come from the physical, chemical, and biological sciences. Of course, in the history of global change issues one of the key questions is not only whether global change is occurring but also whether it is driven by human action.

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