By Bruce A. Glasrud
Till lately, histories of the yankee West gave little facts of the presence—let by myself importance—of African american citizens within the unfolding of the western frontier. There could have been a point out of Estevan, slavery, or the Dred Scott selection, however the wealthy and sundry event of African americans at the nice Plains went principally unnoted. This ebook, the 1st of its sort, provides that serious lacking bankruptcy in American history. Originally released over the span of twenty-five years in nice Plains Quarterly, the essays accumulated right here describe the half African americans performed within the frontier military and as homesteaders, group developers, and activists. The authors tackle race family, discrimination, and violence. They inform of the fight for civil rights and opposed to Jim Crow, and so they study African American cultural progress and contributions in addition to financial and political facets of black lifestyles at the nice Plains. From members reminiscent of “Pap” Singleton, period Bell Thompson, Aaron Douglas, and Alphonso Trent; to incidents at fortress Hays, Brownsville, and Topeka; to defining moments in executive, schooling, and the arts—this assortment bargains the 1st entire review of the black event at the Plains.
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Extra info for African Americans on the Great Plains: An Anthology
Eastern Kansas newspapers, long contemptuous of Hays City’s vigilante tradition, suddenly applauded the lynching. In James Hayes’ hometown of Leavenworth, the Daily Commercial delighted in providing a detailed and hearsay version of the hanging: Sometime during the night the vigilantes released the mokes from prison and indulged them in a dance in mid-air, in which they executed a treble shufme, something of a novelty in negro breakdowns which are chiemy remarkable for merely a double shufme. No doubt existed of the guilt of the parties, as they sloshed around extensively brandishing their Springleld rimes, and threatening vengeance on the whites.
Although small cavalry detachments remained until 1871, infantry comprised the garrison’s majority. Thus, if Fort Hays could claim a “semi-permanent” black population up to 1869, the Thirty-eighth Infantry lt that role better than the more transient Tenth Cavalry. 28 leiker Narratives often focus on the cavalry’s dramatic offensive campaigns and overlook infantrymen, who performed the more routine tasks of escorting surveying parties, military prisoners, and payroll and supply shipments. Infantry also received a disproportionate share of kitchen and hospital duties and sanitation detail.
181–82. 22. Leavenworth Daily Conservative, July 10, 1867. 23. For the myth of violence, see Robert R. Dykstra, The Cattle Towns (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1966). For a more recent revisionist example, see Ty Cashion’s “(Gun)Smoke Gets in Your Eyes: A Revisionist Look at Violent Fort Grifln,” Southwestern Historical Quarterly 99 (July 1995): 81–94. 24. Junction City Weekly Union, 8 May 1869. Black Soldiers at Fort Hays, Kansas 45 25. James D. Drees, “The Hays City Vigilante Period, 1868–1869,” Master’s thesis, Fort Hays State University, 1983, pp.